Value Added Products in Small Ruminants

Farmers are continually seeking ways to add value to their products in the competitive world of agriculture. Whether it’s to increase profitability, meet consumer demand, or find creative outlets for their produce, value-added products have become increasingly significant. By delving into the realm of sheep and goats and the myriad ways in which these animals contribute to value-added items

Understanding Value-Added Products

t its core, a value-added product is more than just the sum of its parts. It’s a commodity that has undergone enhancement through processing, packaging, or additional features, rendering it more desirable and warranting a higher price than its raw materials. One example is a strawberry grower creating jam from berries from their farm. This value-added item combines taste, carries convenience, and extends the shelf life of an otherwise perishable commodity. From convenience to aesthetics, value-added products offer consumers something beyond the ordinary.

Opportunities with Small Ruminants

Both species have breeds that are specifically for milk production. Sheep milk holds a unique position in the realm of dairy products. With a higher solids content than goat or cow milk, it offers distinct advantages, particularly in cheese production. Remarkably, a gallon (or liter) of sheep milk yields 18 to 25 percent cheese, far surpassing the 9 to 10 percent yield from goat or cow milk. Due to these factors, most of the sheep milk produced globally finds its way into the artful craft of cheese making. Goat milk is also widely used for cheesemaking and fermented products such as kefir and yogurt.

Sheep produce wool, and goats cashmere and mohair. All three fiber types are used in textile and yarn production. A recent trend in the U.S. is for wool flock owners to market their fleeces directly to the public, particularly hand spinners. This marketing approach means they are paid a higher price for a commodity that has historically seen low value through commercial channels. Additionally, sheep’s wool is being used to produce ready-made home insulation by companies like Havelock Wool in the United States.

Chevon, mutton, and lamb are perfect starting points for a fantastic value-added product for both animals. Sausages, jerky, and ready-made convenience items, like preseasoned burger patties and kebobs, are very attractive to consumers. Producers seeking novel opportunities to create these items should look to the poultry and cattle markets, which have embraced changing consumer cooking demands.

Shop improved meat and dairy genetics for herd and output improvement.

Marketing and Distribution

Bringing value-added products to market requires more than just quality craftsmanship; it demands strategic marketing and distribution channels. Farmers can leverage local farmers’ markets, retail outlets, and online platforms to showcase their offerings. Social media emerges as a powerful tool for reaching a broader audience, allowing farmers to engage directly with consumers and share the story behind their products. Moreover, creative labeling and consumer education play pivotal roles in establishing brand identity and fostering consumer loyalty.


As agriculture evolves, the concept of value addition becomes increasingly integral to sustainability and profitability. Sheep and goats, with their diverse offerings, exemplify the potential for innovation within the farming industry. From the soft embrace of wool to the nourishing properties of milk and meat, these animals inspire a wealth of value-added products that cater to diverse consumer preferences. As farmers continue to explore new horizons, the journey of adding value with sheep and goats promises excitement, ingenuity, and endless possibilities.

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